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TheWineBuyingGuide.com

A Beginner's Guide to Italian Wine

Discover this famous wine region.

By: Kristin Anderson, Editor, TheWineBuyingGuide.com
Updated June 28, 2017
Guide to Italian Wine
Guide to Italian Wine
This image courtesy of bigstockphoto.com

The history of wine in Italy is legendary. Just hearing “Tuscany” conjures images of sunlit vineyards, historic family homes, and outdoor tables where the food abounds and the wine flows. Learning about Italian wine is a great way to experience some of this idyllic country, whether you plan to be in Italy soon or not. At home or abroad, you’ll be able to better choose a bottle of wine that you will love.

Learning the major winemaking regions in Italy is a good way to build your knowledge of Italian wines. Italy is a long country, and the climate varies as you travel north to south.

Northern Italy

Near the mountains, Northern Italy experiences cold winters, hot summers, and great variation between daytime and nighttime temperatures. This produces grapes that have high acidity and freshness. Here are some notable regions and the wines they produce.

  1. Piedmont (Piemonte)
    Barolo, Barbaresco, Moscato di’Asti, Dolcetto, Barbera

  2. Veneto
    Valpolicella Ripasso, Valpolicella Superior, Amarone della Valpolicella, Soave

  3. Friuli
    Friulano, Friuli Colli Orientali, Collio

Central Italy

Central Italy is home to delicious food and the famed wine regions Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna. Here the Mediterranean Sea is an influence in the climate and soil at the vineyards. Look for these wines from central Italy.

  1. Tuscany (Toscana)
    Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino, Vernaccia di San Gimignano, Bolgheri, Maremma Toscana

  2. Abruzzo
    Montepulciano d’Abruzzo, Trebbiano d’Abruzzo

  3. Emilia-Romagna
    Lambrusco

Southern Italy and Islands

Southern Italy, and its islands, are producing intriguing and unexpected wines. Compared to the rest of the country, these vineyards, with their volcanic-rich soil, are relative wild cards. Look for these varieties from the southern regions.

  1. Campania
    Fiano di Avellino, Greco di Tufo, Taurasi

  2. Sicily
    Nero d’Avola, Cerasuolo di Vittoria, Grillo

  3. Sardinia
    Grenache grapes are used to make a rich, flavorful red wine called Cannonau di Sardinia. Cannonau wine health benefits have been praised and are thought to contribute to the longevity of the people who live on the island.

Italian Wine Classifications

Now that you have a list of prominent Italian wines and regions, let’s talk about how to decide which wines you might like to try.

There’s a hierarchy of Italian wine classifications. With each step up, the rules about where grapes are grown and how the wine is produced become stricter. Here are the classifications you will see on Italian wine bottles.

  1. Vino
    Simple table wine; fewest restrictions

  2. IGT
    Indicazione Geografica Tipica; follows broad rules about production

  3. DOC
    Denominazione di Origine Controllata; follows stricter rules about production

  4. DOCG
    Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita; very strictly controlled production, is meant to represent the best Italian wines

With all of this in mind, you still may be wondering how to choose something from an Italian wine list. You’d like to be able to get a wine that you like the next time you go out to an Italian restaurant! Here are some suggestions and tips on selecting Italian wines.

White Wine (Vino Bianco) Recommendations

  1. Soave
    If you like Chardonnay, then chances are good that you’ll like Soave. A couple of good producers are Inama and Pieropan.

  2. Trebbiano Toscano, Trebbiano d’Abruzzo
    These wines are typically crisp and citrusy. Trebbiano d’Abruzzo from winemaker Valentini leans more toward peach, honey, and white flower flavors. This Valle Reale Trebbiano d'Abruzzo DOC 2013 is another great choice.

  3. Vermentino
    This salty, citrusy wine is a great everyday drinking choice. You may also see it called Pigato, from Liguria.

  4. Verdicchio
    This drinkable white wine has citrusy, stone fruit, and almond flavors.

  5. Gavi
    This white wine has a bright, lemon-citrus flavor and a vibrant acidity. It might also be called by the grape name, Cortese.

  6. Friuli
    This is a region that contains different wines, such as Collio and Friulano. The flavors in these wines vary, but if you love white wine then you should find some interesting, tasty, and unforgettable flavors from this region.

    This Venica & Venica Friulano 2015 is fresh and bright, with notes of almond.

Red Wine (Vino Rosso) Recommendations

  1. Barolo or Barbaresco
    These highly prized red wines are from the Piedmont region. Both of these red wines have aromas of rose and cherry sauce and have a long finish. They are made from Nebbiolo grapes.

    Try less expensive wines from the same region, too. These include Roero, Nebbiolo d’Alba, or Langhe Nebbiolo, like this Sottimano Langhe Nebbiolo 2014.

  2. Barbera
    This inky dark red wine, with soft tannins, is grown all over Italy. The highest quality bottles are from Tuscany.

  3. Sangiovese
    This is Italy’s most popular wine grape, and it goes by a number of names: Brunello di Montalcino, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, Chianti, Rosso di Toscana, Montefalco Rosso, and others. Although taste will vary by where the wine was produced, Sangiovese is typically high in acid, high in tannin, and has cherry and subtle tomato flavors.

    Consider trying this Caparzo Brunello di Montalcino 2011.

  4. Corvina
    This red grape produces wines that are light and bright, with a tart cherry flavor. Valpolicella wines are often made of Corvina grapes.

    Try this Cesari Amarone della Valpolicella Classico 2011, made with Corvina grapes.

  5. Nero d’Avola
    This is a full-bodied, dry red wine with bold fruit flavor. If you like Cabernet Sauvignon or Syrah, consider a Nero d’Avola wine.

These suggestions may get you started on an Italian wine list, but know that these are just a few of Italy’s many wine varieties.

Italy has 20 winemaking regions and uses over 350 native types of grapes to make wine. On an Italian wine list, the wine may be listed by grape variety, region, or the name of the wine blend. Because of this, you may see a large variety of wines with unfamiliar names on an Italian wine list. Don’t worry! Always feel free to ask the sommelier for help, and don’t be afraid to try a wine that you haven’t heard of before. Salute!

What is your best story about Italian wine? Tell us in the comments below!

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